# How To Use Your PoleClinometer^{®} Slope Meter

Here’s the basics…

And scroll down for some specifics…

### Don’t Grip It… DANGLE IT!

**IMPORTANT:** Your pole is your vertical reference. It must * HANG FREELY* from a loose grip, or your reading won’t be accurate. Use your DANG-A-LOOP (above center) if you have one, or just a loose 2-finger grip (above right), and DANGLE your pole so it hangs vertically.

### From the Side (Sighting *Across* a Slope)

With a side view of a slope, sight across it as shown.

** DANGLE your pole** (see top of page) and look for the PoleClinometer lines that

*.*

**match the angle of the slope**Here the angle of the slope appears to be about half way between that of the lines marked “30” and “35”, so the slope angle is about 32 or 33 degrees.

### From the Top (Sighting *Down* a Slope)

At the top of a slope, or from behind a convexity, sight down it as shown.

Position yourself so your line of sight matches the angle of the slope.

** DANGLE your pole** (see top of page) and look for the PoleClinometer lines that

*in your line of sight.*

**appear least curved**Here the line marked “30” is curved slightly up, while the line marked “35” is curved slightly down, to about an equal degree, so the slope angle is about 32 or 33 degrees.

### On the Slope

To measure the angle of a slope you’re already on, pick a reference object that’s directly up-slope or down-slope from you.

Choose a point on that object that you estimate to be approximately as high off the snow as your eyes are, and sight to that point.

** DANGLE your pole** (see top of page) and look for the PoleClinometer lines that

*in your line of sight.*

**appear least curved**Here the line marked “30” is curved slightly up, while the line marked “35” is curved slightly down, to about an equal degree, so the slope angle is about 32 or 33 degrees.

### Contact Measurement (Snow-Pit Inclination)

To measure the incline of the slope right at your feet, lay your pole on the snow as shown (eg. beside your snow pit) with a small hole dug out beneath the PoleClinometer sticker.

Tie a small object to the end of a string, and use the string as shown to read the slope angle. Look for the PoleClinometer lines that * match the angle of the string*.

Here the angle of the string appears to be about half way between that of the lines marked “30” and “35”, so the slope angle is about 32 or 33 degrees.

Want an even quicker means of contact measurement in particular? This trick really can’t be beat: Instant Clinometry

### Alpha Angle

Alpha angle isn’t a measure of slope angle; it’s a measure of how far an avalanche will go. If you’re below an ominous looking snowfield, you can determine if you’re a safe distance from it by using PoleClinometer’s alpha angle feature.

Look toward the suspect slide path, and ** DANGLE your pole** (see top of page) so the highest possible start zone is directly behind PoleClinometer’s red 18° line.

If the 18° line is curved up (“smiling”) as above, you’re in a good spot. You’re beyond the reach of even the biggest slide from that slope.

If the 18° line is curved down (“frowning”) as above, you’re right in the firing line if a big one lets go. Might not want to linger here unless you’re confident there’s very low risk of avalanche on the suspect slope’s aspect etc.

For more on alpha angle, read Alpha Angle for Backcountry Skiers here on this site.

# Color Code & Avalanche Angles

PoleClinometer is color coded to help you quickly identify slope angles that are more prone to avalanche. Here’s a summary of what the color codes mean:

Note that this is only intended as a rough guide. The range of slope angles that are prone to avalanche can vary significantly as a function of snowpack. For a more thorough understanding of how slope angle and other variables affect risk of avalanche, I highly recommend taking at least a Level 1 AIARE Avalanche Course, *and* reading the following books:

**Staying Alive in Avalanche Terrain**

by Bruce Tremper

**Snow Sense: A Guide to Evaluating Snow Avalanche Hazard**

by Jill Fredston

The below chart shows empirical data from a sample set of slab avalanche measurements in the Canadian Rockies. It is included here with permission directly from the pages of *Snow Sense*.